Destination New Brunswick – Canada

New Brunswick is one of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada adjoined by Quebec and the New England States to the west, Nova Scotia to the south and Prince Edward Island to the east via the Confederation Bridge. New Brunswick is Canada's only official bilingual Province. There are 5 scenic trails throughout the Province.

Swim in the warmest salt water North of Virginia and enjoy the sandy beaches. Forests cover approximately 85 percent of the land in New Brunswick. Wherever you go, new adventures and experiences are around every corner.

One of its well known natural features is the Bay of Fundy, which it shares with Nova Scotia. Fundy National Park is a Geologists wonderland and has recently been nominated for one of the 7 natural wonders of the world to be determined in 2012.

The Capital of New Brunswick, Fredericton is a historic and cultural center with Victorian architecture, museums, art galleries, and live entertainment. There are more than 20 attractions in the downtown core.

Just down the road between Fredericton and Saint John nestled in a majestic setting in the St. John's Church John River valley, Kings Landing Historical Settlement depicts one hundred years of transformation from a young colony into a vibrant nation. Ride one of the horse pulled wagons, witness the bustle of farm life, and learn how ordinary people lived and worked in the 19th century.

This animated settlement offers over 70 historic buildings, complete with artifacts, furniture, tools and equipment. The history is real, the stories you hear are true. Staff are passionate and immersed in the 19th century to provide you, the visitor, with an authentic visit to New Brunswick of the 1800s. Top it off with a meal at the Kings Head Inn settlement style accompanied by musical entertainment from the period.

Saint John hosts Canada's oldest museum featuring the Changing Earth Geology Gallery, a tidal exhibit and the Hall of the Great Whales and Birds of New Brunswick. A gallery on Wind, Wood and Sail depicts the thriving shipbuilding industry during the 1800's.

Hopewell Cape is the site of the Hopewell Rocks, a world-famous geological formation known as the “flowerpot” rocks. The beach is part of the Rocks Provincial Park, where the world's highest tides have eroded the sandstone along the shore leaving these tall pillars of stone known as the flowerpots standing on the beach with trees and soil on top. At low tide you can walk the shore among the rocks at high tide they can be viewed from above. Either way they are a sight to see.

Witness the world's highest tides, where 100 billion tons of water rise and fall twice a day. The Bay of Fundy tides of the Tidal bore as it is known causes the St. John River to change its directional flow as they rise and fall.

Moncton is close to many of the province's attractions, including the Tidal Bore and Magnetic Hill.

On the eastern shore the Acadian culture is live and well. Pays de la Sagouineoffers a full day of activities celebrating Acadian history. This animated village acrossthe footbridge will take you to l'Île-aux-Puces. There you can then visit La cuisine à Mathilda, where you can learn to cook a variety of Acadian meals. Visit the house of La Sagouine where Les Chicaneuses have many tales to tell. Continuing on, La Boucanerie will show you a variety of fishing trades and you can even taste smoked herring.

Still in the village onward to the Phare à Gapi, a place full of legends! Music lovers can learn to play a variety of instruments in La cabane des T'chuillères. Visit the artists working in the Apent des artistes. Stop at the Shack des clairvoyants where many mysteries of the future may be revealed … and don't forget to stop for a relaxing drink at the Bootleggeux while listening to monologues and music. Children can enjoy La cachette à Radi where there are fun and games all day.

The Shediac Lobster Festival the 1st week in July is an annual event that draws visitors from afar. Don't miss the Lobster eating contest the highlight of the festival and fun for all.

New Brunswick has much to offer the tourist including many adventure activities not mentioned here.

Best RV Destinations

There are many places you can visit as an RV vacationer. Travelling in a Recreational Vehicle on open roads, enjoying the stretch of long highways is exciting and perhaps one of the best ways to see and experience the magic of a place. There are some people for whom the journey is as important as the destination and find that only the RV allows them to do that. The road is their home and each destination the traveller’s own special place. The people who use the RV as their home are able to explore the land they visit, its attractions while attempting to find a welcoming campsite to settle in for a few days or a few weeks. Campgrounds with car-parks for RVs are located across the country to cater to the different needs of the campers. Whether it is the lure of the beachfront, waves lapping at your feet, the experience of the sun setting behind towering mountains or just a serene evening under the starts, there are some places that are best seen by RVs.

There are many places you can visit in an RV. Here’s a list of some of the best RV locations to set up camp and enjoy nature.

Madison Arm Resort

An excellent RV destination, this resort is located at West Yellowstone in Montana. Travellers, often needing the respite from the overcrowded Yellowstone Park, find the Madison Arm Resort a close alternative only eight miles away. The campground is strategically situated on the shores of Hebgen Lake famous for its trout-filled waters. Surrounded by wildlife, bison and elk sightings are plentiful.

Tunnel Mountain Camp

With views of the sprawling valley is located at Banff National Park in Canada and remains one of the best places to see by RV. It is well known for campers heading to the Canadian Rockies for a breathtaking view of the mountains. In the midst of the mountains overlooking the valley and surrounded by snow-clad mountains and statuesque rock columns lies the Tunnel Mountain Campground. Banff is a spectacular and scenic little town and campers can visit the indoor interpretive amphitheatre to learn more about the region showcased through interesting documentaries and educational programs. The mountain slopes visited by both aspiring and professional skiers and snowmobilers are challenging and exciting. Moreover, this RV destination is a haven for hikers and cyclists with plenty of glaciers, mineral hot springs and ice fields to give it a further excitement.

Orchard (Huerta Saucedo) Vacation Village, Mulegé, Mexico – With its inviting riverfront, RV travellers venturing to Mexico find much comfort on the white beaches of Bahia de la Concepcion. Steeped in history, this RV destination is famous for missions and the old state penitentiary: the infamous jail without bars. Tropical RV sites at the Orchard Vacation Village are walking distance from the town of Mulegé, and the resort can arrange outdoor activities. The cave painting adventure tours, water activities such as scuba diving, snorkelling and clamming, and the region’s famous Dorado and Yellowtail fishing are all exciting as well as captivating to all visitors.

Rocky Knob Campground

Is located in Virginia at Blue Ridge Parkway and is one of the best places to see by RV. The campground provides access to the 10.8 mile Rock Castle Gorge Loop Trail. To add to the attraction, Mabry Mill, one of the most scenic places to be found on earth is only a few minutes away. Besides being famous for its corn and buckwheat pancakes, costumed rangers demonstrate their craftsmanship in blacksmithing and basketry. Country Records, in nearby Floyd, has the world’s largest collection of bluegrass and mountain music while the town’s general store hosts an authentic hoe-down every Friday night.

Boyd’s Key West Campground, Florida

A three hour drive from Miami (Route 1) over the Seven Mile Bridge, Boyd’s Key West Campground known for its quiet waterfront campsites is revered by RV travellers. Famous for its Tiki Hut, boat dock and marina as well as saltwater fishing, it is more than just a weekend getaway for most people and is a hot RV destination. While Duval Street invites thirsty travellers to sip refreshing margaritas, Mallory Square boasts its sunset celebrations with tightrope walkers, jugglers and fire eaters provide nightly amusement. The other famous landmarks that celebrate this town are The Hemingway Home and Museum as well as the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Society Museum

Squaw Flat Campground

Is situated in Moab, Utah. The scenic drive through the Needles section of Canyonlands National Park provides you with spectacular scenery of large stone pillars looming above you, natural arches and ancient Indian rock paintings. U.S. 191 leads travellers into the region and offers the RV travellers memorable views of the spired landscape and Indian petroglyphs on nearby rock walls. The Sqaw Flat Camprground is nestled in nooks surrounded by rocks and views of the Needles. A three-mile trail leads hikers to the main route to Chesler Park in the heart of the Needles.

Where the Hell is Latrobe – California?

Few places are more uniquely beautiful than the Western slope of the central Sierra Nevada. Adjacent to Shingle Springs, the town of Latrobe is situated in the heart of these hills in the southwestern section of El Dorado County. The gentle slopes, outcroppings and springs add a certain flavor that continues to attract people of nearby cities. Perhaps the Nisenan or Southern Maidu Indians appreciated the valley's diverse splendor when they inhabited this region in aboriginal times.

The Indians' homeland stretched across to the Bear River and south of the south or middle fork of the Cosumnes River. The Nisenan tribe was made of a primary, permanent village surrounded by several secondary villages and seasonal camps. The villages encompassed family dwellings, acorn grenaries, bedrock mortars, a dance house and sweat house with 15-500 people living there at a time. The usual village sites were along knolls, ridges or streams with a southern exposure. Here, the Nisenan ground acrons as their main meal and also caught fish with their hands or spears. Salt was obtained from the springs and with the use of fires and snares, they hunted deer, rabbits and other small creatures. Ants, grasshoppers, lizards and frogs were also devoured. Manzanita berries were used to make a cider like beverage. The Nisenan were wiped out by a malaria epidemic in 1833, and the gold miners also took over their land.

Latrobe owes its roots to the Placerville and Sacramento Valley Railroad, which established a station for the tremendous benefit of neighboring Amador County.

The history of the area is further connected to the Gold Rush of the 1850's, the agricultural and economic development of El Dorado County and commerce between Clarksville and Latrobe. In 1849, one year after gold was discovered in California, thousands of hopeful gold seekers arrived in the “diggings.” Many of them came through the area to settle in Latrobe.

The railroad station was located at the intersection of Latrobe Road and South Shingle Road, in what became the town of Latrobe with Shingle Springs as its eastern terminus.
The railroad was completed in 1884. The town was named after the civil engineer who was instrumental in the construction of the first railroad in America.

JH Miller, a locaql rancher and hotel owner, opened the first store in Latrobe in 1863. The population grew to 700-800, with the number of stores increasing to six or seven. Latrobe supported four hotels, three blacksmith shops and a single wagon and carriage factory. Latrobe also offered a bakery and several butcher shops.

There were only three doctors along with two drug stores to take care of the medical needs of the entire community. The public school building, which still stands today as part of Latrobe School, is a two story building that contained all public meetings.
The Masons and Odd Fellows organizations each had their own halls.

By 1864, rails had been laid to the new town of Latrobe, as the first trains rolled in. From then until June 1865, as the line reached Shingle Springs, it was an important way station for the great deal of business that flowed over the Placerville Road to Virginia City. About 23 years later, the railroad extended to Placerville.

Families living along the course of the railroad saw some immediate benefits. However, the acquisition of the right-of-way by the railroad made many other residents angry as they had homesteaded the area but were forced to give up some of their land for the railroad line.

In 1866, hotels were located in Latrobe and Michigan Bar, supplying train passengers and local residents with dinner and overnight accommodations.

For a long time, Latrobe controlled all trade activities of Amador County. The town became the focal point for many travelers, providing eight daily stages in connection with the trains. However, because it wasn't a mining town and the railroad construction continued east, business suffered. The state of prosperity came to a grinding halt in 1883, when the population dwindled down to about 80 people with one general store, one hotel, a telegraph officde, two blacksmith shops and the lone carriage and wagon shop.

In 1981, El Dorado County adopted the Latrobe Area Plan, which covers the west side of Logtown Ridge to the Cosumnes River, boasting such landmarks as picturesque Sugarloaf Mountain and Indian Creek.

Today, the businesses no longer exist, and the town consists primarily of multi-acre rural residential parcels such as the Shadow Hawk and Sun Ridge Meadow subdivisions. Another subdivision is currently being built next to Miller's Hill School.

Also still standing is Oddfellows Hall, and what has become one of the highest rated grade schools in California today-Latrobe Elementary School.

Truck Parking at Weigh Stations, Part 1

Tired truckers are everyone's problem. And no trucker wants to drive tired. Some truckers insist that if you plan your trip properly, you should always be able to find parking. Other truckers understand that no matter how much you plan, truck parking can be elusive. Truck stops fill up, usually later than earlier. But truckers can't force themselves to be tired according to a plan. Laying in bed wide awake when your plan calls for sleep doesn't make for a good night's sleep. Unfortunately, looking for a place to park is simply part of being a truck driver.

Most drivers avoid parking in weigh stations like the plague. It's understandable. But, if you're tired, maybe it's not such a bad idea. The following is a guideline to some states' policies toward truckers parking at weigh stations- what's allowed, what isn't and what the truckers can expect.


There is no official policy in California about parking at the weigh stations. And there is no official policy at any of the weigh stations, so you may run into a rogue officer who prefers hassling truckers to letting them sleep. But, in general, you are safer to park at California weigh stations than you may have thought.

Truckers who are looking for a safe place to park should consider parking at the Banning weigh station. There is no official policy, but the consensus among most of the officers at the Banning truck scale is that they would rather have drivers park to rest at the weigh station than have tired drivers on the roadway. If you do want to park, you'll want to cross the scale, park, and go inside to inform the officers that you'd like to take your break. That way they will know that your truck is not “unattended.” Unattended trucks have a 4-hour time limit after which the truck will be towed. Officers at the Wheeler Ridge weigh station agree. Tired truckers are dangerous, and they'd rather that truckers take their break at the weigh station than drive tired. At Wheeler Ridge, it is not necessary to inform officers that you'll be parking for a while.

California weigh stations with less room do not allow parking. For instance, trucks are not allowed to park at either San Onofre nb or San Onofre sb. Trucks are also not allowed to park at the Truckee weigh station. Same goes for Conejo nb and Conejo sb. But even that is not set in stone. Officers at the Conejo nb scale say that if they are not busy and if a trucker comes in and tells them he's tired, they may use their own discretion and allow the driver to park and take his break. Both the Conejo nb and Conejo sb scales will, however, lock their gates during closed hours- unless there are out of service vehicles parked. Do Not plan on parking in the ramps when the weigh station is closed.


Truck parking is allowed- in fact, it is welcomed- at any of Florida's “super coops,” such as the weigh stations in Pensacola, Wildwood and Flagler Beach. Parking is limited at other Florida weigh station locations, like Hopewell or Bunnell, and so drivers should not expect to be able to find parking at those scales. Florida DOT officers say that drivers can park at any of the Florida “super coops” without fear of chancing an unwanted inspection. If an officer sees something that is clearly a safety violation- like a flat tire- the driver will be notified of the violation before he or she leaves the weigh station and it will have to be fixed. But officers will not ask a driver who has been parked at the weigh station for his or her logbook, nor will they pick the vehicle for an inspection. Unless, of course, the driver parked there because he or she was put out of service- if a driver was put out of service for a log book violation, they may ask to see the drivers logbook before that driver is allowed to leave the weigh station.


Truck parking is allowed at any Georgia weigh station so long as there is room. Drivers are asked to park in the back lot at any of the Georgia “super coops.” One Georgia weigh station where parking spaces are not abundant is the Lithia Springs weigh station on I 20 east bound, west of Atlanta. Drivers should not plan to park at the Lithia Springs weigh station. Georgia DOT officers say that, while drivers probably will not be subject to inspection if they have been parked at the weigh station, it's not out of the question. Officers may choose to ask a driver pulling out of the parking area to show his or her log book. They may also choose to inspect the truck. This is not likely, but there is no policy prohibiting the practice.


The Walton weigh station and the Verona weigh station are designated “safe haven” locations for truckers. This means truckers are welcome to park there without fear of chancing and unwanted inspection. Kentucky enforcement officers say that truckers may be inspected when they come into the weigh station, but once they have cleared the truck scale and have gone to the “safe haven” lot, they no longer have to be concerned about it. “Safe Haven” weigh stations provide a safe place for truckers to park.

Pet Friendly Hotels and Accommodation in Brighton, England

Brighton has been an immensely popular seaside resort since the very beginning of the seaside tourism industry in the mid to late eighteenth century. Initially a small fishing village a doctor from nearby Lewes began to recommend bathing in Brighton’s sea. He considered the sea in this area superior to elsewhere and even prescribed drinking it (not advisable today!). Following the visit by the future King George IV of England the town flourished and with the arrival of the railway, in 1841, Brighton quickly became popular with day-trippers from London.

Visiting the seaside with a pet is incredibly enjoyable and many dog owners appreciate their pets needs and a visit to the seaside is enjoyed as much by your pet as ourselves (and in many cases more so). Unfortunately Brighton suffers, like many places in the United Kingdom, with a lack of pet friendly accommodation. Although there are plenty of places to stay only a few allow pets to stay in your room. Finding a hotel where pets are allowed can be something of a nightmare so I have listed all those I could find below.

Leona House

The 4 star Leona House bed and breakfast is a town centre establishment right by the famous Lanes. Featuring 7 rooms this pet friendly accommodation offers affordable, yet stylish and comfortable, rooms. Free wireless internet in public areas. Pets are allowed. Charges may be applicable.

De Vere Grand Hotel Brighton

The 5 star De Vere Grand is one of the towns famous Victorian landmarks (in an Italian Renaissance style) located on the seafront. The 200 room hotel first opened in 1864 and became renowned throughout Europe for its high standards and elegance. Pets are allowed. Charges may be applicable.

Artist Residence

The 3 star Artist Residence is found right in the heart of town overlooking the famous West Pier. Offering superb pet friendly accommodation in a Grade II listed building this 10 room hotel also features an excellent art gallery which displays various artwork by local young artists. Pets are allowed on request. Charges may be applicable.

The Queensbury Hotel

The 2 star, centrally located, Queensbury is reasonably close to the seafront (a couple of minutes walk to the beach) offering pet friendly accommodation in a Grade II listed building with many of the rooms featuring a sea view. Very affordable pet friendly hotel. Pets are allowed on request. Charges may be applicable.

Holiday Inn Brighton Seafront

The 4 star Holiday Inn offers superb pet friendly accommodation in fully air conditioned rooms situated directly on the beach road. This is a large hotel with 131 rooms. Just over a mile and a half from the centre of town. Pets are allowed. Charges may be applicable.

The Oriental

The highly popular 4 star Oriental Guest House is located five minutes (less than half a mile from the town centre (and the Lanes) and 50 metres from the beach. 9 rooms. Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.

Kings Hotel

The 3 star seafront Kings Hotel is just under half a mile from the town centre. The hotel features 90 rooms in a Grade II Listed building with superb sea vies, satellite TV and free Wi-Fi. Pets are allowed. Charges may be applicable.

Amsterdam Hotel

The 3 star Amsterdam is situated in the heart of Kemptown on the seafront opposite the famous Palace Pier (less than half a mile from Brighton’s centre). The hotel has 25 rooms and features an elevator and rooms/facilities for disabled guests. Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.

Thistle Brighton

The 4 star Thistle is about half a mile from the centre of town overlooking the seafront on the promenad. The 208 room hotel features a pool, spa and gym a superb restaurant and a bar and lounge. Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.

Kempfield House

Kempfield House is situated in the fashionable Kemp Town area about half a mile from the centre of Brighton and 150 metres from the seafront. Free wireless internet throughout the hotel and its 13 rooms. Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.

Lichfield House

The 4 star Lichfield House (7 room hotel) offers pet friendly accommodation in individually designed rooms within a listed Regency building. Located in a quiet street just over half a mile from the town centre and 150 metres from seafront. Pets are allowed on request. No extra charges.

Sea Spray

The 4 star Sea Spray is a centrally located (a little more than half a mile from the very centre of town) pet friendly hotel of 15 rooms. Free wireless internet throughout. Pets are allowed on request. Charges may be applicable.

Best Western Princes Marine Hotel

The 3 star Best Western Princes Marine offers reasonably priced pet friendly, and spacious, accommodation on the seafront just over a mile and a half from the very centre of Brighton. The 48 room (en suite) hotel features Free Wi-Fi, free parking, a bistro and relaxed bar. Pets are allowed on request. Charges may be applicable.

USS Kittiwake, From Submarine Rescue to Submerged

The USS Kittiwake (ASR-13) launched July 10, 1945 in Savannah Georgia. After commissioning in July of 1946, she served as a submarine rescue ship. Submarine sea trials and maneuvers brought the Kittiwake up and down the east coast of the USA and all over the Caribbean. Submariners rested easier knowing divers on the Kittiwake above would rescue them should any trouble ensue.

The name Kittiwake comes from gulls living along the cost of North America that look much like common seagulls. First based in Balboa, the Kittiwake spent many years in the Caribbean.

Divers from the Kittiwake recovered practice torpedoes during sea trials. The ship sometimes made runs as a practice target for the submarines she served. When the battleship Missouri ran aground in tidal banks off the coast of Virginia in 1950, divers from the Kittiwake came with salvage equipment to set her free.

In 1960, the Kittiwake stood at hand while the submarine George Washington successfully launched the first two Polaris ballistic missiles ever launched from beneath the sea.

In 1961 the Kittiwake sailed to the Mediterranean for several months of service before returning to her home port in Virginia. Over the course of her service she made more trips across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and Europe.

Cuban refugees off the coast of Key West, Florida thanked the Kittiwake for carrying them safely to shore while off-duty in 1963.

The Kittiwake did many interesting things during her years of service. At one point she towed a submarine from the US to Scotland. The official reason given was for a group of scientists to study tilefish. Undercover undersea, that mission covered the changing of boxes used to monitor Soviet submarine activity whose location had been compromised by a spy. During the mission a Russian spy ship attempting a disguise as a fishing vessel appeared. Soon an attack sub surfaced backed by a fast American frigate. The Russian spy ship quickly vacated the area.

While back in the Mediterranean in 1966, the Kittiwake assisted with locating and salvaging the German submarine Hai (S-171) which sank in a gale.

The unsuccessful search for the USS Scorpion in 1968 brought the Kittiwake to the Atlantic Ocean. The Scorpion was the second US nuclear submarine lost at sea. Though the wreck has since been found, controversy remains as to whether it sank due to attack from a Soviet submarine or from internal problems.

April of 1984 found the Kittiwake at the dock in Norfolk, Virginia for maintenance and repair. Upon trying to leave the pier, the Kittiwake attempted to go forward and ended up in reverse. The harder she tried to go forward, the faster she went in reverse. Motion ceased upon colliding with the attack submarine USS Bergall, moored behind her. Turned out the main motor drive had been wired improperly, causing the screw to turn backward.

In 1986 the Kittiwake salvaged an F-15 down in about 300 feet of water and recovered the black box from the Challenger space shuttle disaster.

In 1994 the Kittiwake was decommissioned. She sat in the graveyard of decommissioned ships for a time until the Cayman Islands took an interest. After years of negotiations, the Cayman Islands managed to buy the Kittiwake, the first former US military ship sold to another nation. A planned 2009 sinking went awry due to environmental concerns regarding the possibility of banned chemicals in the sealant in some gaskets. It took until January 2011 before the ship was finally towed out for sinking off 7-mile beach and a new life as an artificial reef. The Kittiwake sank upright and came to rest on a sandy ocean floor. After spending so much time following submarines around the Caribbean it only seems fitting that the Kittiwake found its final resting place submerged there.

The ship did not have long to settle before Hurricane Rina passed within 100 miles of the Cayman islands. Strong waves from the winds of the hurricane pushed the Kittiwake about 60 feet further from the shore than the original location of her sinking. One anchor chain broke, and the ship now sits on the three starboard anchors, listing slightly to one side under 10 feet deeper water than in the original position.

The ship pushed enough sand in the underwater slide to create a sand bank now holding the hull more firmly in place. The ship still lies in shallow enough water for a clear view from snorkelers overhead and easy access for divers. It is far enough under now that snorkelers can no longer stand on deck with their heads out of water as they did in the original location.

Fish moved in shortly after the original sinking, finding good places to hide and call home within the ship’s structure. Algae covers the once-white ship, As the years pass more sea life will cling to the hull until in time it becomes a new reef, changing the view from sunken ship to a multitude of sea life.

A variety of operators in Grand Cayman take divers and snorkelers out to the Kittiwake. They know the rules regarding mandatory fees and time limits, so guests on organized tours need not worry. Cruise lines such as Carnival also offer snorkel trips to the Kittiwake among their shore excursions for Grand Cayman.

Arthur Airport: The Frontier Years

Promise to Ronkonkoma-located Long Island MacArthur Airport, operating in the shadows of Manhattan-proximity La Guardia and JFK International airports, always came in the form of new airline serve, which attempted to achieve profitability and replace that which the discontinued ones failed to. Several ultimately unsuccessful low-cost and upstart carriers left little more than a fading imprint during the past half-decade.

Alaska-based PenAir, for example, seeking to replace the popular, multiple-daily Saab S-340 flights once operated by Business Express and later American Eagle between Long Island and Boston, forged tis own link in July of 2013 with two daily roundtrips operated by the same 34-passenger turboprop. But poor load factors led to its discontinuation a year later.

“We were losing money,” according to David Hall, PenAir's Chief Operation Officer. “We just weren't able to get to a consistent operating profit. Unfortunately, it's a business and that's how it works.”

Another attempt was made by low-cost, Las Vegas-based Allegiant Air, which inaugurated two weekly roundtrips to Punta Gorda, Florida, in December of 2013. Because their winter sun-seeking draw diminished in the spring, they were discontinued on May 26 of the following year and were intended to be reinstated in December. They never were.

Still another Islip entrant was Elite Airways. Founded, as reflected by its name, in 2016 by airline veterans wishing to establish a higher-quality airline that deviated from the proliferation of no-frills ones, it was certified as a US Part 121 air carrier that offered charter and scheduled service, initially transporting professional and college sports teams, company executives, heads of state, White House press corps, and VIP tour groups. Headquartered in Portland, Maine, but concentrating its maintenance, crew training, sales, and marketing in Melbourne, Florida, it operated charter flights for the first six years of its existence before transitioning to scheduled ones with a minuscule route system, including Melbourne-Portland , Naples (Florida) -Newark, Naples-Portland, Vero Beach (Florida) -Newark, and Rockford (Illinois) -Fort Collins (Colorado) sectors. Its 11-strong Bombardier Region Jet fleet consisted of a single CRJ-100, five CRJ-200s, and five CRJ-700s.

Seeking incentives, such as reduced or waved landing fees, underserved airports with its 50- and 70-seat aircraft, It intended to offer sunbirds air links between New England and Florida, very much the way Northeast had with its 727 “Yellowbirds” in the early-1970s before Delta acquired the carrier. Because of its airline veteran founders, who additionally endeavored to resurrect the higher quality inflight service of the full-fare legacy carriers, it bore similarities with no-longer existent KIWI Airways.

Elite touted itself as “Melbourne's hometown airline.”

Catalyst to the Long Island MacArthur service was passenger request.

“The funniest thing is that if it wasn't for people who are originally from Long Island, we wouldn't be here,” according to Elite Airways president John Pearsall. “On our route we're presently flying between Newark and Vero Beach … we've had more people asking for Islip, Long Island, than any other destination we fly to.”

Twice-weekly service, on Friday and Sunday, to Portland, Maine; Myrtle Beach, South Carolina; and Melbourne, Florida, on which $ 99.00, $ 139.00, and $ 149.00 introductory fares were respectively charged, began on June 17, 2016, amid the typically upbeat comments from Pearsall, who said that he expected “passenger demand to be strong for these new routes” and Islip Town Supervisor Angie Carpenter, who commented, “I am thrilled that the Town of Islip is entering into a partnership with Elite Airways. The addition of Elite to the Long Island MacArthur Airport family will offer both residents and those living in Nassau and Suffolk counties the opportunity to travel to some of the most desirable vacation destinations along the east coast … ”

The Portland route continued to Bar Harbor, while that to Melbourne was envisioned as being extended to St. Louis Croix, the US Virgin Islands.

Because of Elite's presence in Rockford, Illinois, it also contemplated connecting Islip with that Chicago-alternative destination.

“We will be announcing additional destinations as we get more and more familiar with the market here,” Pearsall said.

Another route then under consideration was that to Newport News, Virginia, slated for a March 13, 2017 inauguration. But it was forced to postpone it because of a pending investigation concerning the $ 3.55 million state funding, intended for infrastructure improvement that was allegedly used to guarantee a loan for a low cost carrier.

Although the controversy did not involve Elite itself, it found it prudent to avoid the airport.

“The Peninsula Airport Commission has been informed that Elite Airways has chosen to temporarily suspend service from the Newport News / Williamsburg International Airport (to Newark) due to the continuing negative and inaccurate headlines, which are preventing the introduction of this brand new property to our community, “according to a statement. “The commission and Elite Airways have a great working relationship as well as support for one another. We look forward to setting a new launch date over the next few months. We feel certain that Elite will find success out of the market, and that our community will enjoy their 'Elite Class' of service. ”

“It was a difficult decision to postpone the start of service …,” Pearsall said, “as the Newport News / Williamsburg International Airport has been a great partner to work with. We strongly believe in the market and want to give this service the best possible climate to start in. Postponing the start date will allow both the airline and the airport to be more successful in launching new air service to meet the needs of the community. ”

It never did. Nor did it to Rockford. And existing Islip service, considered seasonal, was suspended between January 15 and February 16, 2017, before it was reinstated and severed a second time at the end of April. Although a second reintroduction was slated for July, it was never implemented.

While the service duration of these carriers was brief, one, National Airlines, never even touched down on Long Island soil.

Founded in 2008, the Orlando-based airline operated passenger and cargo flights with Boeing 747-400BCFs as National Air Cargo, but upgraded to public charter service on June 11, 2016 under Department of Transportation (DOT) PC # 16-038, whose flights were sold by FlyBranson Travel LLC dba (doing business as) Branson Air Express and operated by National Air Cargo Group, Inc., which itself did business as National Airlines .. Its fleet, a pair of Rolls Royce 40,200 thrust-pound RB.211 -535E4-powered Boeing 757-200s configured for 170 (26 first class and 144 coach) and 184 (22 first class and 162 coach) passengers, was intended for a six-destination route system, encompassing Aguadilla, Puerto Rico; Islip, New York; San Juan, Puerto Rico; Sanford-Orlando, Florida; St. John's, Newfoundland; and Windsor, Ontario.

“At National Airlines we provide an enhanced passenger travel experience air mile after air mile,” it described itself. “Our uncompromising quality, unrelenting service, and unmatched agility set us apart as one of the market's most elite passenger airlines. We travel farther, move faster, and arrive on time with a focused commitment to safe performance. From the runway to the horizon, National provides a world-class flight experience.

“National is committed to customer care. We believe our passengers are the most precious cargo that an aircraft can carry, and therefore we treat each individual as an elite global VIP. From the dedicated service of our inflight crew to the undeniable beauty of our aircraft , we focus on the details. ”

Planned were two weekly departures to Aguadilla as Flight N8 273 on Monday and Friday and four to San Juan as Flight N8 231 on Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday from Islip. All were scheduled to leave at 0900.

“The city of Islip is a wonderful and engaging community.” according to Edward Davidson, National's president and CEO, “and Long Island MacArthur Airport offers both outstanding service and convenience for our customers. National Airlines believes there is demand for our unique brand of exclusive service of inclusive fares between Islip, San Juan, and Aguadilla . ”

“There is a vibrant Puerto Rican community in and around Islip and the entire New York City region,” he continued, “and we believe travelers will find our combination of convenient location and inclusive service very attractive.”

Although it would have constituted the first nonstop service to the Caribbean from the Long Island airport, a lack of suitable equipment precluded its inauguration, resulting in a six-month delay and prompting passenger refunds.

“National has experienced challenges acquiring the very popular Boeing 757 aircraft,” according to a statement issued by Town of Islip Supervisor Angie Carpenter. “Regretfully, this has prompted National to postpone the June 1 launch from Long Island MacArthur Airport to Puerto Rico. However, the Town remains very enthusiastic in welcoming National Airlines t to our airport family.”

It was never given the opportunity to do so.

The airport fared far better with the next carrier to touchdown on its runways, ultra-low-cost, Denver-based Frontier. Announcing nonstop service to Orlando in May of 2017, the airline, an Airbus A320 operator, placed itself in competition with incumbent Southwest to that destination and Florida in general, offering unbundled, $ 39.00 introductory fares, with additional fees for checked baggage, early boarding, drinks, snacks, and refundability. Based upon advanced bookings, it became the threshold to a significant Islip presence that would entail more nonstop flights and to further destinations than Southwest itself and (then) Elite had offered.

As part of 21 cities it was adding to its existing 61, it was considered the first step in an expansion that would double its size in the next five years.

“Islip is going to be part of the largest expansion in Frontier's history,” said Scott Fisher, the carrier's senior director, at a MacArthur news conference.

Because of airport facility availability, a lack of congestion, and the reconstruction of La Guardia, which it also served, Fisher labeled it an “easy airport experience” in the otherwise competitive New York market. “This became a no-brainer in terms of a partnership,” he said.

“We thank you for your confidence in what we know is truly a treasure that has been untapped,” Islip Town Supervisor Angie Carpenter said to Fisher at the news conference. “This is really going to reap a tremendous amount of rewards for everybody.”

Touching down at 0936 after an inbound ferry flight from Orlando on August 16 and given a water cannon salute from MacArthur Airport Fire-Rescue, the single-class Frontier A320-200, designated Flight F9 1779, became the inaugural departure, pushed back from the gate at 1045. It would return as Flight F9 1778 at 2155 that evening.

It became the first in a dual-phase expansion at MacArthur, with service to Fort Myers, Miami, New Orleans, Tampa, and West Palm Beach beginning on October 5, and that to Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, and Minneapolis the following April 9 , 2018. Atlanta and Chicago constituted two of the airport's once-served, but subsequently lost destinations. They remained the two still most-requested ones.

Yet, because deregulation facilitated the rapid entry and exit of markets, and very low-fare carriers such as Frontier, by necessity, were forced to adopt hairpin triggers when revenue fell below expectations, a significant portion of its Islip route system was modified shortly after disappointing load factors dictated the need to do so.

The first destination to be eliminated, on March 5, was New Orleans.

“We constantly evaluate route performance,” according to Frontier spokesman Richard Oliver III. “Unfortunately, this capacity was better … redeployed elsewhere in our route network.”

Airport Commissioner Shelley LaRose-Arken echoed this reality.

“Unfortunately, one of (Frontier's) ten routes-New Orleans-did not perform as was anticipated, and therefore adjustments to the schedule are being made to ensure the carrier continues to be successful in the market.”

Like the first in a string of falling dominoes, however, it knocked down Miami and Fort Myers on April 8.

“They just weren't meeting our expectations,” Oliver III said.

Two more dominoes fell on July 5-namely, Detroit and Minneapolis.

“We haven't seen the level of demand that we need to see for the routes,” said Daniel Shurz, Frontier's Vice President of Commercial Operations.

Myrtle Beach and San Juan replaced two of the original destinations, and Fort Myers, Miami, and West Palm Beach were being considered for reinstatement during the winter 2018-2019 season.

Despite the cancellations, Frontier remained committed to Islip, provided load factors ensured adequate profitability.

“We've been working together with the airport and they've done a good job promoting service,” said Shurz.

Although American Eagle and Southwest remained the long-time anchor tenants, they made tiny adjustments themselves. The former upgraded its 37-passenger de Havilland of Canada DHC-8-100 turboprop to American's Philadelphia hub to a 45-passenger Embraer ERJ-145 pure-jet, representing a 31-percent capacity increase, while the latter inaugurated one-stop, single-aircraft service to Raleigh / Durham, via Baltimore, facilitating same-day return business travel.

Long Island MacArthur continued its perpetual search for airlines, while the airliners themselves continued their search for passengers and profitability in the shadow of the New York airports, as evidenced by the latest round of carrier entries and exits. Yet, despite losses between 2011 and 2014, with the $ 2 million one its largest in 2012, it ended 2017 with an almost $ 3 million surplus.

In the fiscal year from February 2017 to February of 2018, it recorded 6,473 aircraft departures, a 10.67-percent increase, 694,000 arriving passengers, a 17.28-percent increase, and 697,000 departing passengers, a 17.43-percent increase, according to DOT statistics. The number of nonstops served more than doubled, from seven to 15.

Like American Airlines in the 1970s, Northeastern International in the 1980s, and Southwest in the 1990s, Frontier could serve as the catalyst to the airport's next development cycle, provided it can determine the markets that ensure its profitability and long-term presence.

Mount Elvin Baptist Church – The Birthplace of Trinidad's Baptist Religion

Mount Elvin Baptist Church sits quietly on a little knoll off Hindustan Road on the outskirts of New Grant in southern Trinidad. It is an unpretentious church and yet it can be considered the epicenter of the Baptist religion in Trinidad and Tobago. This church was established in 1816 and the significance of that date has to do with the settlement of the “Merikens” in Trinidad in that year.

In 1816 demobilized Africans who had served in the British Army during the War of 1812 between the British and the Americans were settled in Trinidad in what came to be known as the Company Villages. According to AB Huggins in his book “the Saga of the Companies” the term “Merikens” arose because these individuals could not properly pronounce the letter A in American. John McNish Weiss in his paper “The Corps of Colonial Marines” says that these “Merikin” soldiers were slaves in the USA who were promised their freedom if they fought for the British. Recruited by the British first in Maryland and Virginia and later in Georgia, they were a fighting unit much praised for valor and discipline.

When the British Army companies left for home in England in April 1815, the six Black companies became the 3rd Battalion Colonial Marines, garrisoned in Bermuda on Ireland Island. They did garrison duty and worked as artisans and laborers in the building of the new Royal Naval Dockyard in Bermuda. When transfer to the West India Regiments was proposed the men rejected the idea. Their persistent intransigence finally led the British government to offer to place them in Trinidad as independent farmers. On accepting the offer they left Bermuda on 15 July 1816.The first group of 71 settled in Dunmore Hill and Mount Elvin while the second group of 72 settled in Indian Walk.

These were religious people who followed the Baptist religion practiced in the southern United States. Although there were no clergymen among them there were 5 men who were described as Anabaptist preachers who held Sunday ceremonies. One of these men was known as Brother Will Hamilton. In 1808 the London Missionary Society (Baptist) sent workers to Guyana and Tobago and in 1809 one of them, Thomas Adam, relocated to Trinidad. He and later Reverend George Cowen while working on the establishment of St John's Baptist Church in Port of Spain Trinidad also gave assistance to these African-American ex-slaves who were practicing a version of the Baptist faith. In time, the similarities of the religion led to the adoption of the missionaries' version of the Baptist faith that came to be called in Trinidad, London Baptist.

Over time however, according to Ashram Stapleton in his book “The Birth and Growth of the Baptist Church in Trinidad and Tobago”, there developed a schism as some persons in the church wanted certain African practices included and the London Missionary Society frowned on those practices . Eventually these persons left the church and were first called the “Disobedient Baptists” and finally the Spiritual or Shouter Baptist. Other differences within the London Baptists then led to further variations of the Baptist religion with the development of the Independent Baptists and the Fundamental Baptists.

So today the Mount Elvin Baptist church sits quietly on its knoll, overlooking the fields that these African American ex-slaves toiled in and created, continuing in its adherence to the London Baptist version but having spawned the entire Baptist religion in Trinidad.

How to Choose a Field Guide

Birding has become popular because the activity requires so little equipment — beginner birders simply need a basic pair of binoculars and a good field guide. Experienced birders will tell you that picking the right field guide will allow you to quickly and effectively identify birds, and enable you to build your knowledge of birds in your area. Thousands of field guides exist, so understanding the characteristics that create an excellent guide is a must.

Your location or the location in which you go birding most often is one of the first considerations in purchasing a field guide. If you live in the far eastern or western U.S., field guides specific to those regions are most popular, because they only include species likely to be found there, which makes the book lighter (an important feature if you intend to carry it on long hikes). Popular guides with eastern and western editions include Sibley’s, Stokes, National Geographic, and Peterson’s. These guides generally also cover the central U.S., northern Mexico, and southern Canada, since many eastern and western species also occur in these areas.

For birders who travel often or live in central U.S. states, a coast-to-coast guide encompassing all North American birds may be a better choice. These guides have the advantage of covering all existing species in the U.S. and generally southern Canada and northern Mexico, but are often much bulkier and heavier than guides specific to the east or west. The national guide referred to as “the birder’s bible” is The Sibley Guide to Birds, an extremely comprehensive and user-friendly, but large, edition. Other popular field guides to North American birds include National Geographic, Peterson’s, and National Audubon Society.

Another characteristic to consider when buying a guide is your preference for how the birds themselves are presented in the book. Field guides can either feature true-to-life illustrations or photographs of each species. Illustrations have an advantage over photographs when it comes to bird species that are hard to photograph, like certain sea birds, because even the best existing photographs can be low-quality. However, some birders prefer photographs because they often depict the bird in an accurate habitat and posture, which can help with identification.

One last personal preference to consider is the layout of the book. Guides have become increasingly user-friendly over the years, and two organization schemes are common. Some guides separate the photo or illustration of the bird from its description, and others dedicate a single page to the bird and its description. Neither scheme is better, but some birders develop a strong preference for one or the other. Guides can also have additional features that are helpful. The Stokes guides contain a unique index system where birds are grouped and labeled in different colors that can be viewed even when the book is closed, allowing the user to look up a species and find it easily according to its label color.

In the end, personal preference plays a large role in choosing a favorite bird guide. Thankfully, most guides are inexpensive, so you can buy several to test out!

Glacier International Peace Park and Beyond

In the Southwest corner in Alberta Canada where the prairies give way to the peaks of the Rocky Mountains is a blend of unusual geology with mild climates and an abundance of wildlife, this is Waterton Lakes National Park. Amidst the mountain peaks are clear lakes, mountain streams, colorful rocks, and cascading waterfalls which await hikers and sightseers, like the 3.6-mile round trip hike to Bertha Falls. As the trail winds its way up the side of the mountain, the views of streams and colorful wild flowers become plentiful where the view of Waterton Lake sitting amidst the towering mountain peaks is beyond spectacular. Unfortunately, the scenic roads through the park are still closed to motorized vehicle traffic due the wild fires in 2017; however, hiking and biking are allowed in these areas of the park. Boarding this National Park to the South in Montana is Glacier National Park, together these two parks make up the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park.

Pristine forests, rugged mountains, streams, alpine meadows, spectacular lakes, and wild life is what makes up Glacier National Park located in the Northwest corner of Montana. Other than the Rain Forests of the Pacific Northwest where Cedars and Hemlocks flourish, Glacier National Park is home to many of these trees as old as 500 years and more than seven feet in diameter.

Right through the heart of Glacier National Park is an engineering marvel, going to the sun road, which spans for 50 miles with so many features, one will find it hard to decide which stops to make. The road runs parallel to the two largest lakes in the park. St Mary Lake at the East entrance and Lake McDonald, the largest at 10 miles long and up to one mile wide and just under 500 feet deep is at the West entrance. Located on the Eastern shore is the McDonald Lodge, a national Historic Landmark built-in the early 1900’s to resemble a hunting lodge with Swiss influenced architecture. Not only does the going to the sun road provide spectacular views of colorful wildflowers, towering mountains, cascading waterfalls, beautiful valleys, and impressive glaciers, it also provides either a bone chilling drive or an exciting one, for 9 miles the highway hugs the solid rock cliff walls as it climbs to Logan Pass and crosses the continental divide at 6,646 feet where Mt Reynolds and Clements mountain tower above alpine meadows.

The going to the sun highway provides much more than just awe-inspiring beauty, its where hundreds of miles of hiking trails start, which leads deeper into the wilderness, with some hikes taking a full day to complete too much shorter ones. Some of the most popular shorter trails include, St Mary Falls, a.9-mile hike one way with a 260-foot drop in elevation through portions of the forest which burnt in the 2015 wild fire. As the trail winds its way high above the St Mary river look closely for Moose and Bears watering along the banks. As the trail reaches the falls a wooden bridge leads across the lower section of the falls for an up-close view of the water dropping 35 feet over three tiers, one of the most spectacular and most photographed falls in the park. Feeling energetic, then continue on the trail for another.8-mile one-way hike with a 285-foot elevation gain deeper into the thick lush forest to Virginia Falls. This part of the trail is very scenic with the lush vegetation and towering Pondarosa Pines and huge Cedars. Just under a quarter mile is an unnamed fall which has a series of four tiers, if not for this fall being between St Mary and Virginia Falls this would be a popular destination in the park. Reaching Virginia Falls there are two places to view the falls from. Crossing the bridge at the base allows for the entire falls to be viewed, where the falls drops 50-feet to a secondary chute and then a cascading section at the bottom. About 100 yards to the end of the trail allows one for an up-close view of the initial drop.

At the Sunrift gorge pull-over take the trail up 75-feet to an excellent view of the Baring creek where the water has carved a deep narrow gorge into the bedrock. Coming back down follow the creek under the bridge to where the.4-mile one-way hike with a 250-foot elevation drop leads to the Baring Falls. Although Baring Falls drop is only 25-feet, it’s a very pleasant fall. After spilling over the rock ledge, the Baring Creek flows into St. Mary Lake after a little more than a 100-yards.

At the Sun point parking lot, a short.2-mile level trail starts where the Sun Point Chalet used to lodge visitors from 1913 to 1942. Although the Chalet in no longer here the short walk to the overlook is pure amazing. Standing on the rock mound provides one of the most spectacular views of St. Mary Lake with towering mountain peaks as a back drop.

Trail of the Cedars, the most popular trail in the park and an ideal location for a picnic. The.8-mile loop leads through a forest of Western Red Cedar as big as 7-feet in diameter and towering more than 200-feet into the sky. An abundance of Black Cottonwood and Western Hemlock can be seen throughout the trail as well. A cool refreshing trail, this is.

Other things to do around Glacier National Park includes the Looking Glass Road, this may be a short drive starting at East Glacier Village, but a visual wonder. The highway winds around and over rolling hills with long panoramic views in every direction of sheer breathtaking beauty of nature where groves of Aspen trees and the occasional rocky outcrop and roaming cows are in abundance with framed glaciers in the distance. Another ideal drive is US highway 2 from Columbia Falls to East Glacier where the highway skirts along the South end of Glacier National Park and the Flathead National Forest on the other side where views and hidden treasures are found along the way, like the Hungry Horse Dam at 564 feet high and 2,115 feet across or the Glacier way fountain, a pipe extending right from the face of the mountain which filters out clear spring water. In addition, US highway 2 traces the historic path of the Great Northern Railway and winds along the Flathead River where wildlife can be seen watering.

Lone Pine State Park in Kalispell features some inspiring views of the Flathead Valley where on a clear day Flathead Lake, the Jewel Basin, and Glacier National Park can be seen as well. With their 7.5 miles of hiking trails through the lush forest around and over steep hills, the park is ideal for hikers of all ages.