Family Vacation Travel Deals For Mother’s Day

Mother’s Day is May 9th this year; a date that is approaching rapidly. Mother’s seem to be the glue that holds a family together. They fix scraped knees and mend broken hearts. They look out for the kids, the pets, the house, the significant other and never seem to get a break. Family travel vacations are hard to organize because everyone seems so busy, but Mother’s Day might be the perfect time for that family vacation travel getaway.

Mother’s Day is on a Sunday, so taking a weekend away from the norm is a perfect idea. These family vacation deals for Mother’s Day are affordable and fun for everyone in the family, or made specifically for mom in mind. No matter what her preferences are, these activities and getaways are perfect for travel and leisure family vacations.

Spring Day Trips

– Day long travel and leisure family vacations give families time away from their everyday activities while not going too far from home. You will be shocked to find out beautiful park destinations you never knew about close to your home, or outlet malls for the whole family.

Destination and Resort Spa Getaways

– Resorts are a mother’s dream and don’t have to be too expensive. Spas allow for a time to relax and rejuvenate away from the stress of family and work.

Mother’s Day weekend Festivals

– These weekend long festivals are fun for the entire family. Festivals can be a day trip or a special family weekend outing. There are ones in Hilton Head, South Carolina with visual and performing arts events, festivals in North Carolina with bbq cook-offs and international festivals in Kentucky where entertainment, midway games, carnival rides, a car show, contests and vendors give families of all sizes fun activities.

Mountain family travel vacations

– Both the west and east coast have amazing mountain ranges that are peaceful and blooming with life in the spring. The earliest bloom of mountain flowers starts at the lower elevation points and creeps its way up the eastern mountain ranges, making them a breathtaking view around Mother’s Day.

Cooking Classes/Culinary family vacation travel

– Cooking classes are not what they used to be. With the influx of culinary travel, classes and demonstrations have spawned resorts, food festivals, restaurants and shops specifically catering to the culinary arts. Moms can enjoy a fun, upbeat half hour cooking class, or spend the entire weekend at a cooking resort where they have the opportunity to work in state-of-the-art kitchens, work with famous chefs and learn about foods made by different cultures.

Historic Sites

– The southeast United States is full of family vacation travel destinations with historical significance. Beautiful historic mansions like Mt. Vernon in Virginia, home to George Washington, and the Historic Natchez in Mississippi, where for five weeks in March private antebellum mansions open their doors to tourists are gorgeous options to visit. There are also battlefields, historic districts and museums that make for great weekend visits. Depending on the distance, these historic family travel vacations can be day trips or an outing for the weekend!

John Michael Cummings, Author Of Ugly To Start With: A Writer’s Words

I’ve had people tell me they are between books, looking for something new to read; a new author, a new genre. There are more writers than ever before: More good writers, more not so good writers. The choices of things to read are enormous. The purpose of interviewing a writer is to give you, the reader, a chance to hear from the writer directly, to hear the writer’s own voice.

Here’s John Michael Cummings. His short stories have appeared in more than seventy-five literary journals, including North American Review, The Kenyon Review, Alaska Quarterly Review, and The Chattahoochee Review. He is also the author of the nationally acclaimed coming-of-age novel; The Night I Freed John Brown (Philomel Books, Penguin Group, 2009), winner of The Paterson Prize for Books for Young Readers (Grades 7-12) and one of ten books recommended by USA TODAY.

What is your philosophy of writing?

Make it real. I believe in real people, real life situations, and have little tolerance for unrealistic characters or behavior. Fiction should take on fundamental truths of existence through drama.

What’s the name and genre of you book and who is the audience? Ugly To Start With is a contemporary literary fiction. It’s for all readers ages 10 and up.

Describe your protagonist, physically and emotionally, and describe the challenges the protagonist needs to overcome and the motivation for overcoming them.

Jason Stevens is growing up in picturesque, historic Harper’s Ferry, West Virginia in the 1970s. Back when the roads are smaller, the cars slower, the people more colorful, and Washington, D.C. is way across the mountains-a winding sixty-five miles away. Jason dreams of going to art school in the city, but he must first survive his teenage years. He witnesses a street artist from Italy charm his mother from the backseat of the family car. He stands up to an abusive husband-and then feels sorry for the jerk. He puts up with his father’s hard-skulled backwoods ways, his grandfather’s showy younger wife, and the fist-throwing schoolmates and eccentric mountain characters that make up Harper’s Ferry-all topped off by a basement art project with a girl from the poor side of town. Ugly to Start With punctuates the exuberant highs, bewildering midpoints, and painful lows of growing up, and affirms that adolescent dreams and desires are often fulfilled in surprising ways.

Describe your antagonist, physically and emotionally, and talk about motivation.

He’s a controlling, fearful, imposing father who rules his children with an iron-fist.

Read a passage from your book that you love. “Whatever it was, if it was it was ugly to start with, or turned ugly, we were ashamed of it and wanted it to go away” — “Ugly to Start With”.

Elaborate on the meaning of the passage.

Friedrich Nietzsche, in “Twilight of the Idols” (1888) wrote “What does not destroy me, makes me stronger.” Jason Stevens, the central character in my collection of 13 short stories, might beg to disagree with Nietzche. He is fearful of his own survival.

How has your upbringing influenced you writing?

I grew up in the hauntingly beautiful town of Harper’s Ferry, site of John Brown’s abolitionist raid in 1859. It’s both a national park and tourist town and holds astounding beauty, located at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers in the foothills of the Blue Ridge.

Do you prefer fermented or distilled?


If you have a career outside of writing how does it fit into your life as a writer?

I’m also a graduate student at University of Central Florida, in the MFA Creative Writing program.

That’s the interview. Thanks for listening.

Ugly To Start With ISBN: ISBN-10: 1-935978-08-X (Paper); 1-935978-09-8 (Electronic)

Dog Walking on Camber Sands Beach – For a Pet Friendly Holiday or Weekend

Why not make the most of your summer holiday or a long weekend break and get yourself and your “best friend” down to Camber Sands.

It is very dog ​​friendly and with plenty of great pubs and accommodation in the area its a great way to recharge the batteries.

The most popular area to walk your pet is on Camber sands is to the West of the beach and the best place to park is as you arrive into Camber from the Rye and Rye Golf Course end.

If you have a “Sat-Nav” entering the post code TN31 7RB will get you to the car park that best serves the dog walking zones / areas.

The current car parking rates (2012) at the District Council car parks are as follows: 8: 30-18: 00 –

£ 1.50 / hour

£ 4.00 / 2 hours

£ 7.00 / 4 hours

£ 9.00 / 6 hours

£ 11.00 / 8 hours

£ 13.00 / maximum

Car park stays open till 8pm … but is then locked … you will not get out!

With plenty of dog bins and toilets the facilities are just about worth the cost … and remember PLEASE use the bins and Please pick your dogs deposits up!

In the summer, on a particularly sunny weekend, expect some queuing to get into Camber as long queues build up as cars wait to enter the main car parks close to the beach. The busiest times are from around 10:00 … if you arrive before then you should not have too many issues.

If you are traveling to Camber in the summer (ending September), Rother Council introduced dog zones on the beach where you are allowed to walk your dog. When the tide is out, these areas stretch for miles and even with a full tide there is plenty of room as the sand dunes go inland at least 500 yards in parts and the shoreline stretches West for at least a mile.

When the 'dog zone' instructions were introduced all dogs had to be on a lead. This was policed ​​aggressively (for about six weeks) by dog ​​wardens (or should I say – mostly summer vacating college students with spots). However, this now seems to have been relaxed and as long as walkers are sensible and in the designated zones then you should not be bothered.

The direction you will automatically take will be West and if the tide is in why not walk to the end of the beach (Rye Harbor entry), turn right along the river towards the Harbor Masters office. You can then make your way back to the car park along the legal walkway through Rye Golf Course. The dog bins are limited in this area so take plenty of bags with you!

The round trip is about four miles in total … watch out for the golf balls and keep your dog on a lead!

Along with great dog walks Camber, Rye and Rye Bay has much more to offer than the glorious sandy beach and we really would recommend taking a longer break and visit the historical town of Rye, or Rye Harbor where there is the terrific Rye Harbor Nature Reserve with miles of tarmac and more dog walking opportunities. The Nature Reserve also has plenty of dog bins.

If you are after a room for the night, there are plenty of PET FRIENDLY hotels in the area that will allow you to make the most of your visit … so what are you waiting for … grab the leads and get down to Camber Sands and the Rye Bay area!

Effects of Technology on Education

Education has changed significantly in the last twenty years. One of the main reasons education has undergone so many changes is because of technological development. In 1990, computers and other forms of technology served a minimal role in the classroom. Today, many if not most college students attend class with a laptop. I am writing about some of the biggest advantages technology gave to education.

Technology has made research much easier. Before online Encyclopedias, Google Scholar, JSTOR, and other online research tools were available, students were forced to spend numerous hours in the library. With the new tools, students can conduct research faster in the comfort of their homes. With Google and other search engines, students can find relevant information faster and more efficiently. Also, there is no more need for intensive memorization as information is more readily available.

New also technology allows for a faster, more efficient, and more interactive classroom experience. With Powerpoint presentations and projectors, there is no need for blackboards and whiteboards. With clickers, students can take quizzes during the classroom.

These developments also help improve tutoring services. Online tutoring programs are becoming available. One-on-one in-home tutoring programs are also being aided these developments. Tutors can bring laptops to sessions allowing them to look up information, and show examples to the student more easily.

Wi-fi technology allows students to study in more comfort and a more ergonomic setting.

New mathematical software such as Maple and Mathematica allows students to make a computer algebra computations more easily. Software like Matlab and Scilab allows students to make numerical computations more easily. There is no more need for a line rule. Advanced Texas Instrument and Casio calculators allow students to solve equations and produce graphs. Online software such as Webassign allows students to submit mathematics assignments online with instant feedback.

The internet allows students to read books and educational supplements at home. There is no need to go to a bookstore or library. Since many of these sources are open source or funded by advertising, students can access these materials for free. Wikipedia, Wikibooks are good examples. Students can learn more without leaving their house.

College applications and job applications can now be complete online. Students can deliver important paperwork to universities and employers at a much faster rate.

Online education allows more students to get an education. Handicapped students, students that have to travel a lot, and students with jobs can now complete their degrees wherever they go with a flexible schedule and often at their own pace. Due to its lower costs, online education also benefits lower-income students.

Technological development allowed the creation of new IT jobs and improved economic development in general.

Not all effects of technology on education are positive. Technology also allows students to cheat more easily. However, new technology allows instructors to detect plagiarism. Technological developments can also discourage critical thinking since answers are more readily available. Technology also encourages students to spend their time doing other activities such as playing video games and participating in social networking.

Overall, technological development in the 1990s and 2000s appears to be beneficial to education. Currently, technology improvement follows Moore's law which states that computers become twice as efficient approximately every two years. Today, one can purchase a well performing personal computer (without a monitor, software, and other accessories) for as low as $ 123.99. Recently, I have not spent over $ 250 on a desktop computer and it allowed me to do very advanced computations like high-sample Monte Carlo algorithms. If the trend continues, students all over the world will be able to afford desktops and laptops contributing to a better global education.

Distant Stars, Diamond Dust, And A Mysterious Microwave Light

Sparkling newborn sun-like stars are born surrounded by a swirling, whirling disk of gas and dust that astronomers call protoplanetary accretion disks , and these encircling disks contain the precious ingredients from which the baby star's family of planets and other objects ultimately emerge. Indeed, a protoplanetary accretion disk can be thought of as an accretion disk for the baby star itself, because gases and other material may be tumbling down from the inner edge of the disk onto the surface of the hungry young star. For decades, astronomers have been trying to discover the source of a mysterious type of faint microwave light flowing out from a number of regions across our Milky Way Galaxy. These strange emissions of microwave light, called anomalous microwave emission (AME) emanate from the energy liberated by rapidly spinning nanoparticles , which are tiny tidbits of matter that are so small they cannot be detected by ordinary microscopes. In June 2018, a team of astronomers announced their findings that some of the tiniest diamonds in the Cosmos – tidbits of crystalline carbon hundreds of thousands of times smaller than a grain of sand – have been detected swirling around a trio of newborn stellar systems in our Galaxy. These microscopic gemstones are neither as precious nor as rare as diamonds on Earth. However, they are a treasure for the astronomers who identified them as the source of the mysterious cosmic microwave “glow” flowing out from several protoplanetary accretion disks in our Galaxy.

To get an idea of ​​how tiny nanoparticles are, the period on an average printed page is about 500,000 nanometers across.

“Though we know that some type of particle is responsible for this microwave light, its precise source has been a puzzle since it was first detected nearly 20 years ago,” explained Dr. Jane Greaves in a June 11, 2018 Green Bank Observatory Press Release. Dr. Greaves is an astronomer at Cardiff University in Wales and lead author on a paper announcing this result published in Nature Astronomy. The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope is located in Green Bank, West Virginia, and it is the largest completely steerable radio telescope in the world. The Green Bank site was part of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) until September 30, 2018.

Until this study, astronomers considered polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to be the most likely culprit behind this mysterious microwave emission. PAHs represent a class of carbon-based molecules found throughout the space between stars. These molecules can be identified by the distinct – yet faint– infrared (IR) light that they send out into space. Nanodiamonds –especially hydrogenated nanodiamonds (those richly-endowed with hydrogen-bearing molecules on their surfaces) – also naturally emit in the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, but at a different wavelength.

Swirling, Whirling Protoplanetary Accretion Disks

Baby stars, called protostars , are mainly born within the secretive, ruffling folds of one of the numerous giant, cold, dark molecular clouds that haunt our Milky Way Galaxy like lovely phantoms. These frigid, enormous clouds are primarily composed of molecular hydrogen. When a blob cradled within a molecular cloud manages to reach a critical size, mass, or density, it starts to collapse under its own powerful gravity. As the collapsing blob, called a solar nebula , becomes more and more dense under the relentless pull of gravity, the random motions of gas, that were originally present in the natal cloud, start to average out in favor of the direction of the solar nebula's angular momentum. Conservation of angular momentum causes the rotation to increase while, at the same time, the radius of the nebula decreases. This makes the cloud flatten out into a pancake-like shape. Imagine the way that a glob of pizza dough flattens out, and then takes the shape of a disk. The initial collapse takes about 100,000 years. After that amount of time has passed, the star attains a surface temperature that is similar to that of a main-sequence (hydrogen-burning) star of the same mass, and is now visible.

This is how a baby sun-like star becomes a type of stellar toddler called a T Tauri. What is left of the gas and dust of the natal cloud, after it has formed at the center of a dense blob, goes into the formation of the protoplanetary accretion disk from which planets, moons, and smaller objects emerge. In their earliest stages , accretion disks are both searing-hot and extremely massive, and they can linger around their young star for as long as ten million years before they vanish – perhaps blown away by the ferocious T Tauri wind or, alternatively, simply ceasing to emit radiation after accretion has come to an end. The most ancient protoplanetary disk known is about 25 million years old.

Protoplanetary accretion disks have been discovered circling several young stars in our Milky Way. Recent observations conducted by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have unveiled proplyds and planetary disks forming within the Orion Nebula. A proplyd is a syllabic abbreviation of an ionized protoplanetary disk. Proplyds are externally illuminated photoevaporating disks circling young stars. There are 180 proplyds inhabiting the Orion Nebula alone.

Protoplanetary disks are thin structures, having a typical vertical height considerably smaller than the radius, as well as a typical mass much smaller than the central young star.

The mass of a typical protoplanetary disk is mostly composed of gas. However, dust motes also play a starring role in a disk's evolution. Dust motes shield the mid-plane of the disk from energetic radiation coming from interstellar space that forms a “dead zone” in which the magnetorotational instability (MRI) no longer operates.

Some astronomers propose that these disks are made up of a turbulent envelope of plasma. This is also termed the “active zone”, that contains an extensive region of quiescent gas (the “dead zone”). The “dead zone” is situated at the mid-plane, and it can slow down the rush of matter through the disk which prevents achieving a steady state.

Sparkling T Tauri stellar tots sport large diameters that are several times greater than that of our Sun. However, they are still shrinking. Unlike human children, T Tauris shrink as they grow up. By the time the stellar toddler has reached this stage of early development, less volatile materials have started to condense close to the center of the encircling disk, creating very fine and sticky dust grains. The delicate dust motes contain crystalline silicates.

The sticky, tiny grains of dust collide with one another and then merge together within the dense protoplanetary accretion disk environment. As a result, increasingly larger, and larger, and larger objects form – from pebble size, to boulder size, to mountain size, to moon size, to planet size. These growing objects eventually become what are termed planetesimals –the primordial building blocks of planets. Planetesimals can reach impressive sizes of 1 kilometer across, or even larger, and they represent an enormous population within a young accretion disk, swirling around their sparkling stellar toddler. They can also linger around their star long enough for some of them to still be present billions of years after a mature planetary system has emerged. In our Solar System, the asteroids are the relic rocky and metallic planetesimals that went into the formation of the quartet of inner major planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. In contrast, the comets are the icy, dusty leftovers of the frozen planetesimals that contributed to the emergence of the four giant gaseous major planets of our Solar System's outer regions: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.

Some of the many moons of Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus are thought to have formed from smaller, circumplanetary analogs of the protoplanetary accretion disks. Tens of millions of years after the birth of our 4.56 billion year old Solar System, the inner few astronomical units (AU) of our Solar System probably hosted dozens of moon-to Mars-sized bodies that were accreting and consolidating into the quartet of inner , solid terrestrial planets . One AU is equivalent to the average separation between Earth and Sun, which is about 93,000,000 miles.

Earth's own large and bewitching Moon is believed to have been born after a Mars-sized protoplanet, named Theia , obliquely impacted the proto-Earth about 30 million years after our Solar System's formation. Imagine what would happen if Mars impacted Earth, in order to understand the magnitude of the catastrophic event that likely formed Earth's lunar companion.

AME In The Sky With Diamonds

A series of observations by astronomers using the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in Green Bank, West Virginia, and the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) have – for the first time – detected a trio of clear sources of the mysterious AME light: the protoplanetary disks surrounding the young stars known as V892 Tau, HD 97048, and MWC 297. The GBT watched V892 Tau and the ATCA observed the other two systems.

“This is the first clear detection of anomalous microwave emission coming from protoplanetary disks,” explained Dr. David Frayer in a June 11, 2018 Green Bank Observatory Press Release. Dr. Frayer is a coauthor on the paper and an astronomer with the Green Bank Observatory.

The team of astronomers also explained that the infrared light streaming out from these systems matches the unique signature of nanodiamonds. Other protoplanetary accretion disks throughout entire Galaxy, however, have the clear infrared signature of PAHs but show no signs of the AME light.

This observation strongly indicates that PAHs are not the mysterious source of anomalous microwave radiation , as many astronomers had previously proposed. Instead, hydrogenated nanodiamonds, which form naturally within protoplanetary disks and are seen in meteorites on Earth are the most probable origin of AME light in our Galaxy.

“In a Sherlock Holmes-like method of eliminating all other causes, we can confidently say the best candidate capable of producing this microwave glow is the presence of nanodiamonds around these newly formed stars,” Dr. Greaves commented in the June 11, 2018 Green Bank Observatory Press Release. Based on their observations, the astronomers estimate that up to 1 to 2 percent of the total carbon in these protoplanetary disks has contributed to the formation of nanodiamonds.

Over the past several decades, evidence for nanodiamonds within protoplanetary accretion disks has grown. However, this study represents the first clear connection between nanodiamonds and AME in any setting.

Statistical models also strongly suggest the theory that nanodiamonds are very abundant around newborn stars and are responsible for the anomalous microwave emission detected there. “There is a one in 10,000 chance, or less, that this connection is due to chance,” commented Frayer in the June 11, 2018 Green Bank Observatory Press Release.

For their study, the astronomers used the GBT and ATCA to survey 14 youthful stars across our Galaxy, searching for hints of the anomalous microwave emission. AME was clearly observed in 3 of the 14 stars, which also proved to be the only three stars out of the 14 that display the IR spectral signature of hydrogenated nanodiamonds. “In fact, these are so rare no other stars have the confirmed infrared imprint,” commented Greaves in the Green Bank Observatory Press Release.

This discovery has some intriguing implications for the study of cosmology and the hunt for evidence that our Universe began with a period of inflation– the faster-than-the-speed-of-light exponential expansion of Space. Although there is no known signal that can travel faster than light in a vacuum, Space itself can exceed this otherwide universal speed limit. If, indeed, immediately after the Big Bang birth of the Universe almost 14 billion years ago, it expanded at a pace that vastly exceeded the speed of light, a trace of that period of inflation should be observed in a peculiar polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. The CMB is the relic radiation of the Big Bang itself. Even though this signature of polarization has yet to be conclusively observed, the work of Dr. Greaves and her colleagues provides some hope that one day it could be.

“This is good news for those who study polarization of the cosmic microwave background , since the spinning nanodiamonds would be weakly polarized at best. This means that astronomers can now make better models of the foreground microwave light from our Galaxy, which must be removed to study the distant afterglow of the Big Bang, “Dr. Brian Mason explained in the June 11, 2018 Green Bank Observatory Press Release. Dr. Mason is an astronomer at the NRAO and coauthor on the paper.

Nanodiamonds probably form out of a superheated vapor of carbon atoms in highly energized star-birthing regions. This is similar to industrial methods of creating nanodiamonds on Earth.

In astronomy, nanodiamonds play a special role because their structure produces what is called a “dipole moment”. This is an arrangement of atoms that permits them to emit electromagnetic radiation when they spin. Because these diamonds are so small – smaller than normal dust motes swirling within a protoplanetary accretion disk –they are able to spin exceptionally fast, and emit radiation in the microwave range instead of the meter-wavelength range, where Galactic and intergalactic radiation would likely drown it out.

“This is a cool and unexpected resolution to the puzzle of anomalous microwave radiation. It's even more interesting that it was obtained by looking at protoplanetary disks , shedding light on the chemical feature of early solar systems, including our own,” Dr. Greaves commented to the press on June 11, 2018.

Future centimeter wave instruments, such as the planned Band 1 receivers on ALMA and the Next Generation Very Large Array , will be able to study this phenomenon in much greater detail. Now that there is a physical model and, for the first time, a clear spectral signature, astronomers can look forward to a great improvement in their scientific understanding of this mystery.

Study coauthor, Dr. Anna Scaife from Manchester University (UK) commented in the June 11, 2018 Green Bank Press Release that “It is an exciting result. It's not often you find yourself putting new words to famous tunes, but ' AME in the Sky With Diamonds' seems a thoughtful way of summarizing our research. ”

Delmarva Peninsula Beaches – Beach Exploring in Delaware, Maryland and Virginia

Delmarva Peninsula is a place unto itself. Caught between the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay, it is made up of parts of Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia (VA), thus its name, Del Mar Va. There is a distinct lifestyle here that is unique to the peninsula and decades away from the uniformed, homogenized mainland to the west.

Dotting the shores of Delmarva, quaint towns of 300 to 400 people beckon the tourist to come and explore Delmarva Peninsula. Reminiscent of a Norman Rockwell painting, the tree-lined streets and the wood-framed houses are home to shoremen who earn their living like their forefathers – on the ocean. For centuries, the shores of Delmarva have been the livelihood, the playground, and the oasis for residents and visitors alike.

The pristine, white sandy beaches of Delmarva peninsula boast charming, coastal towns such as Dewey Beach, Rehoboth Beach, Tangier Island, and Chesapeake Bay, to name a few. These picturesque communities offer the visitor an array of activities. On the ocean side, the more adventurous can engage in body surfing, clamming, crabbing, and/or deep-water fishing for blue marlin, tuna, and wahoo. The traveler can also dodge the incoming breaking waves in some of the best ocean around on a hot summers afternoon or relax on the soft sand and watch the ebb and flow of the ocean waves. The bay side lends itself to good windsurfing and jet-skiing. A leisurely stroll on the beach is always a must, especially in the evening when the sun begins to set: A sunset on Delmarva Peninsula is spectacular.

For inland activities the traveler can explore the nooks and crannies of the small towns and their charming antique shops and restaurants or take an historic lighthouse tour in the town of Lewes, Delaware where the breathtaking view of Cape Henlopen seascape awaits. For bird watchers, the region around Salisbury, Maryland is rich in both local and migratory bird species; for mountain bikers, Maryland offers some of the best trails in Delmarva: Great Falls Park; Iron Hill Park; Northern Central Rail-Trail.

For the less sporty, the Blueberry Festival in Chincoteague Island, Virginia, is a slice of Americana. There is entertainment, contests, food, and lots of sweet blueberries. It is held every year on the last weekend in July.

Of course, several of the beach towns (Onancock, Cape Charles, and Belle Haven, Virginia, Chesapeake City, Maryland, South Bethany and Fenwick Island, Delaware) have farmers markets which start in mid-May and run through September. This is a great way to savor the local produce and dishes of Delmarva.

For those who crave bigger-city life, Ocean City, Maryland is one of the larger towns on Delmarva Peninsula. Even though Ocean City has lost some of its charms thanks to wall-to-wall condominiums and hotels that make up much of the coastline, there is still a bit of nostalgic enchantment to be found in this city. There is the old boardwalk lined by shops and restaurants, and, of course, there is always plenty of saltwater taffy. A reminder of a bygone era is the 1802 carousal that shimmers in the sunlight and comes to electrifying life at night. And…there are still miles of beautiful, white beaches.

Whether one wants solitude or excitement, Delmarva has something for everyone. From the shores of Delmarva to the inland towns, Delmarva Peninsula welcomes the traveler. The beaches, the trails, the shopping, the fishing, the culture, all offer the visitor an abundance of experiences and memories like no where else. Delmarva Peninsula is definitely a golden thread in the fabric of America’s regions.

Big East Football: A Big Folly?

The Big East Football Conference is in the midst of experiencing its biggest changes since its founding in 1991. Gone are perennial powers Miami, Virginia Tech, and Boston College as well as league doormat, Temple. New to the conference are Louisville, Cincinnati, and South Florida. Some are calling the changes one big folly; while others believe that the conference will shake off its losses and move forward stronger and wiser.

Three letters have hurt the Big East Conference over the past few years. They are: ACC. ACC, as in Atlantic Coast Conference, who lured and then persuaded three Big East schools to make the leap over to the ACC. For the Big East, the three schools represented the league's top football powers as well as two high performing Men's Basketball squads: Boston College and Miami. In this age of lucrative television contracts and super conferences the three defecting schools took the money and ran.

Purists were left howling by the departures and at the ACC's trolling of the Big East Conference. Some suggested lawsuits, while others stated that there was no legal obligation for the schools to stay.

Once it was confirmed that the three departing schools would leave, the Big East Conference was faced with a dilemma that could only undermine its ability to not only thrive, but to survive. It had previously been decided that Temple would be forced out as their program did not measure up to Big East Conference standards, or so it has been said. Still, Temple was not invited back and the Big East began to look elsewhere for schools to fill their depleted ranks. So, the Big East turned to the Conference USA.

Louisville, Cincinnati, and South Florida – along with Marquette who doesn't play football – were all persuaded to leave Conference USA for the Big East. For some, this is where the folly begins.

Do the three new schools measure up to the programs which they are replacing? Absolutely not. Louisville comes closest and is likely nearly equal to Boston College in strength, but their football program does not compare to either Virginia Tech or Miami. Cincinnati compares much more favorably to the departed Temple team, while South Florida is a new Division 1-A program and was only added to replace Miami as the league's warm weather school. Just kidding … I think.

The remaining conference schools are Connecticut, Pittsburgh, Rutgers, Syracuse, and West Virginia. West Virginia is the current conference leader while Rutgers is taking advantage of a weakened conference and also sitting near the top. The remaining schools are rebuilding, making the Big East Conference extra weak this year.

The pundits and prognosticators know that the Big East is reeling and they understand that there is no guarantee that the present league configuration will produce football programs on the level of the dearly departed members. In my opinion, give the conference two or three years and you may find that with just a couple of years of excellent recruiting new leaders will emerge. Perhaps now is the time for Rutgers, Louisville, and South Florida to step it up a notch or two, thereby ensuring valuable television rights and lucrative bowl bids for the conference.

Pick 4 Lottery Strategy System Picks the Right Pick 4 Strategies to Win

A good Pick 4 Lottery System has more than just one Strategy; it has a number of Pick 4 Strategies to offer the lottery players multiple ways to find the next winning number.

These multiple Pick 4 Strategies open the door for the players to take advantage of various number trends that can take place at any given time during this lottery game.

In March 2010 there seems to be an overabundance of Pick 4 Triples and Double-Doubles based on the low percentage for these types of Pick 4 numbers to be drawn over a period of time. These two groups of numbers represent just 6.3% of all 10,000 Pick 4 numbers. Their collective combinations total 135 of 715 combinations for all Pick 4 numbers. There were approximately 125 of these types of numbers drawn in the U.S. and Canadian Pick 4 Lotteries in March 2010.

Another Pick 4 lottery anomaly is the current amount — over twenty — of traveling numbers that began in March 2010 and is carrying over into April 2010. A traveling number is the same set of four digits that make up a winning Pick 4 number that is drawn two or more times over a short period of time in more than one State. The perfect definition of a traveling number includes that the same number being redrawn in the exact order. But the traveling Pick 4 Box form is quite acceptable for the purposes of winning free money.

Triples and double-doubles are the highest paying Pick 4 Box numbers. Triple numbers, such as 1112, pay $1200 for one single $1 investment. The dollar investment on the double-double number, such as 1122, returns $800.

The key to being a successful winning Pick 4 player is to have a multiple Lottery Strategy System. It provides the right Pick 4 Strategies which enable Pick 4 players to have strategies to create and play these ongoing number trends as they occur.

Combining strategies for playing triples and double-doubles with the traveling number strategy gives the player the right Pick 4 strategies to win some very nice payoffs. A perfect example of the double-double traveling number occurred with the combination draws of 8877 first in the Delaware Pick 4 Midday draw, March 22, 2010, and the April 4, 2010, Evening draw in the Kentucky Pick 4 Lottery. Players of this lottery game using both these strategies have put the 8877 on the watch list. The New York Win 4 lead the way with the evening drawing on March 30, 2010, of 0660 and followed up with this same number being drawn in the evening draw in the West Virginia Pick 4 Lottery.

The Indiana Hoosier Lottery Daily 4 began this imperfect trip, but nevertheless a profitable one for the New York Win 4 players when the third box form of 5757 was drawn in the midday draw on March 31, 2010. The Indiana Daily 4 first drew 7755 on March 18, 2010, midday draw. Traveling east to the Ohio Pick 4 Lottery, the OH Pick 4 drew 7557 in the evening draw on March 22, 2010.

The Big Apple State continued to provide big winning slices of cash for their Big Apple Win 4 players when it drew the third box form of the triple 7111 on the evening of April 4, 2010.

Previously, again starting out in the Indiana Daily 4 on the evening of March 16, 2010, the first triple box form was drawn as 1171. Then, traveling southeast to the Georgia Cash 4 was 1711 which was drawn in the evening draw on March 30, 2010. Like the New Year’s Eve Times Square countdown it gave New Yorkers one more thing to celebrate, another pocketful of NY Win 4 Lottery Free Money.

In a rare return home Pick 4 traveling number, trend players keeping an eye open for these two strategies to converge once again, Oregonians in the Oregon Pick 4 Lottery were glad to welcome back the 0400 on March 18, 2010, in the 7pm drawing. It was first drawn here in the 1pm Pick 4 drawing on March 8, 2010. It then traveled to Florida and was drawn in the Florida Play 4 as 4000 on the evening of March 16, 2010 before boarding the flight home to the Oregon Pick 4.

To be a Pick 4 Winner you need a Pick 4 Lottery Strategy System with multiple Pick 4 strategies. It is the only way that Pick 4 players around the country and around the world have a real chance to win some big money. Systems that offer just one strategy to play or recommended to play just the single Pick 4 type numbers do not give you the same chance to win. Often times the reality is that the one strategy or the recommended “Pick 4 Single Number Pick 4 Systems” create “automatic losers” for both the numbers and the players.

All Pick 4 players need to keep their eyes open for these traveling numbers in all forms, 0660, 7755, 1711, and 0400, that could travel to the remaining Pick 4 U.S. Lotteries, the Caribbean Pick 4 Lottery, Ontario Pick 4 and La Quotidienne 4, the two Canadian Lottery Pick 4 Games. One or more of the other strategies in the Pick 4 System may just predict the arrival of one of these traveling numbers to your local favorite Daily 4 Lottery game.

Best Places In Florida To Visit

A state of the United States, Florida is one of the popular travel destinations. It is located in the southeastern region of the country. In fact, it is mostly placed on a large peninsula. Florida is known as “The Sunshine State”. The popularity of the state as a travel destination is mainly due to its beaches, attractions such as theme parks and for sure brilliant sunshine. Florida offers a very long list of things to see and do.

The capital of Florida is Tallahassee. The other major cities of the state are Orlando, Maimi, Tampa, Fort Myers, Jacksonville, Fort Lauderdale, Panama City, Sarasota, Hialeah, Naples, West Palm Beach, Gainesville, Fort Myers, St. Louis Augustine, St Petersburg.

There are so many attractions in Florida that it is better to plan the travel especially according to the regions (Northwest, North Central, Northeast, Central East, Central, Central West, Southwest and Southeast) or according to the popular areas like Daytona Beach Area , Jacksonville Area, Orlando Area, Miami etc.

Florida offers some of the greatest beaches in the United States. Daytona Beach, Lummus Park Beach, Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park, Virginia Key, Haulover Beach, Fort Myers Beach, Miami South Beach, Palm Beach, Pensacola Beach, Vero Beach, Venice Beach, Sarasota Beach, Clearwater Beach, Caladesi Island State Park Beach are among these.

Theme parks and waterparks offer great time and fun for all the visitors of Florida. Some of them have worldwide fame and must see places such as Universal Studios, Sea World, Clearwater Marine Aquarium, Busch Gardens Tampa, Cypress Gardens Adventure Park, Weeki Wachee Spring Waterpark, Wet 'n Wild, Boomers, Adventure Landing, Jacksonville Beach Florida, Cobra Adventure Park, Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, Blizzard Beach water park, Marineland, The Holyland Experience, Silver Springs, Sam's Fun City, Discovery Cove and for sure Walt Disney World. Walt Disney World and Universal Orlando Resort are the world's two most awesome theme parks. Even, people visit Florida only to see these places.

Florida is a great place to observe wildlife. It also has fame with its wildlife diversity. There are many types of mammals and marine mammals, birds and reptiles here. Because of this reason, Florida owns kinds of natural parks some of which are awarded ones like the Everglades National Park.

Some of the other attractions of the state are: Kennedy Space Center, Hemingway Home, Tallahassee Museum of History and Natural Science, Florida International Museum, Adventure Island, Gatorama, Caribbean Gardens, Visual Arts Center of Northwest Florida, National Museum of Naval Aviation, Circus Sarasota and much more.

If you are interested in motorsports especially NASCAR, it means when you are in Florida, Daytona Beach must be visited. The ones who have great enthusiasm for fishing are invited to Florida, too. The Keys, Lake Okeechobee and Stuart are among the best places for fishing.

The attractions to visit in Florida are too many. To learn more about this state of the United States, we advice you to watch the videos at so that you have more idea about Florida.

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The Boeing 717


Tracing its lineage to the DC-9, the MD-80, and the MD-90, the Boeing 717, which had inceptionally been designated the MD-95, had been the last purely-McDonnell-Douglas aircraft and the first and only to have been transferred to Boeing for continued production.

Conceived as an advanced, low-wing, 100-passenger airliner with two aft-mounted, high bypass ratio turbofans and a t-tail most closely based on the MD-90, its immediate predecessor, the design, intended for high-frequency, short- to medium-range routes, had nevertheless inherently incorporated the 40-year development history of its earlier-generation family. Having carried the three manufacturer names of Douglas, McDonnell-Douglas, and Boeing, the basic airframe had featured three wingspans; three powerplant cores-of the Pratt and Whitney JT8D, the International Aero Engine V2500, and the BMW Rolls Royce BR715; a vast range of thrust capabilities, from 12,000 to 25,000 pounds; four basic designations-of DC-9, MD-80, MD-90, and MD-95/717; passenger capacities varying between 90 and 180 in single-class arrangements; and eight fuselage lengths, as the DC-9-10, the DC-9-30, the DC-9-40, the DC-9-50, the MD-80, the MD-87, the MD-90, and the 717.

Intended as a next-generation DC-9-30 replacement, numerically the most popular DC-9 version with 662 having been sold, the originally-designated MD-95 features a 124-foot overall length, which is 1.7 feet shorter than that of the DC-9-40, permitting a 106-passenger complement in a four-abreast, two-two, first class cabin at a 36-inch seat pitch and a five-abreast, two-three, economy cabin at a 32-inch seat pitch. One hundred seventeen can alternatively be accommodated in a single-class, five-abreast configuration. Two underfloor holds facilitate baggage, cargo, and mail storage.

The state-of-the-art, two-person cockpit is equipped with six interchangeable liquid crystal display (LCD) units, an electronic instrument system (EIS), a dual flight management system (FMS), a control fault display system (CFDS ), and an advanced Honeywell VIA 2000 computer, and is capable of category IIIA landings, with provision for lower-minimum IIIB operations.

Its all-metal, two-spar wing, like that of previous DC-9s, MD-80s, and MD-90s, features full-span, dual-position, five-section leading edge slats; two-section spoilers; three-section, double-slotted, trailing edge flaps; and manually-actuated, cable-connected ailerons differentially operated in flight for banking and roll control. The wings, with a 93.4-foot span, are sweptback 24 degrees for a maximum Mach 0.82 speed.

The t-tail, positioned well above the engines, eliminates engine thrust interference with its horizontal surfaces, whose elevators are cable-connected and manually operated, while the vertical stabilizer's rudder is hydraulically-deflected with fly-by-wire trimming. The MD-95 / 717's tail surfaces employ thicker skins than those of either the preceding MD-80 or MD-90.

Powered by two aft-mounted, BMW Rolls Royce BR715-A1-30 high bypass ratio turbofans, each rated at 18,500 pounds of thrust, the aircraft, completely free of engine installation on its wings, generates maximum wing lift for optimum performance. Based upon the single-core BR700, the BR715 features a two-stage, high-pressure turbine; a 58-inch fan chamber; single crystal turbine fan blades; the largest combined blade and disk (blisk) ever employed by a commercial powerplant; and is thrust-reverser equipped. The 19-foot-long, 6,155-pound engine, the third basic type to have powered the DC-9 family, had first run on April 28, 1997, almost attaining 26,000 pounds of thrust at this time. It is the MD-95's sole powerplant.

The aircraft sits on a dual-wheeled, hydraulically actuated tricycle undercarriage.

Launch order for the initially-designated MD-95-30, comprised of 50 firm orders and 50 options, had been placed on October 19, 1995 by ValuJet, a DC-9 and MD-80 operator, and the prototype, a former Eastern Airlines DC-9-30 modified to MD-95 standard and registered N717XA, had been rolled out three years later, on June 10, 1998, first taking to the skies on September 2. The aircraft, reflecting Boeing's prior-year acquisition of McDonnell -Douglas and its 7-dash-7 number scheme, had been redesignated “717,” nomenclature shared by Boeing's own KC-135A Stratotanker, the military derivative of the 707.

The first production aircraft, registered N717XD, had first rolled out on January 23, 1999, and the type had received its joint FAA and JAA certification nine months later, on September 1, after a 2,000-hour flight test program entailing 1,900 individual sorties and five airframes.

The first aircraft, N942AT, had been delivered to newly branded AirTran Airways, hitherto a 737 operator, which ValuJet had intermittently acquired, on September 23, and had been inaugurated into service the following month on the Atlanta-Washington route.

The 717-200, the initial and only version, had been offered with both basic and high gross weight options. The former, at 110,000 pounds, features a 1,430-nautical mile range with a 24,609 US gallon fuel capacity, while the latter, at 121,000 pounds, features a 2,060-nautical mile range with a 29,500 US gallon fuel capacity, but reduces the underfloor space because of the additional tankage and requires the upgraded, 21,0000 thrust-pound BR715-C1-30 engine.

The aircraft's maximum certified altitude is 37,000 feet.


A triangular, tri-sector flight with AirTran Airways, from New York / La Guardia to Akron, Ohio; Atlanta, Georgia; and back to New York, is indicative of the mission for which the 717 had been designed.
Following a brigade of Canadair and Embraer “mini-jets,” but mirrored by the long-fuselaged “big brother” American MD-82 and the identical, Atlanta-bound AirTran 717-200 immediately ahead of it, the 717, operating as Flight 202 and registered N926AT, crossed the arrivals runway, 4-22, before maneuvering on to the departure strip, Runway 13. Lightly loaded, with only some 20 passengers on board, the twin-engined, t-tailed aircraft lifted its main wheels off the concrete and trimmed itself into a steep, initial climb angle, tucking in its tricycle undercarriage in the 55-degree, spring-like air.

Surmounting the house geometries of Queens and closing the gap to the opaque, tracing paper-thin cloud film, Flight 202 banked left abreast of the Throgs Neck Bridge over the deep blue of Flushing Bay. Throttling back to climb power, it banked further left.

Manhattan Island, appearing beyond the left wing tip in miniature form and seeming to float between the Hudson and East Rivers, triumphantly projected its tall, needle-thin buildings to and through the low, ground-hovering mist like victorious bastions of man's architectural war. Beyond the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, gateway to the Atlantic, the sun metamorphosed the water into a copper glass reflection.

Now assuming a shallow, barely perceptible ascent angle, the 717, the ultimate evolution of the DC-9, crossed the eastern fringes of the Allegheny Mountains, which appeared like black, charcoal-sketched waves 35,000 feet below.

Aided by the barely-raised, upper wing surface speed brake panels, the twin-engined aircraft initiated a shallow descent some 40 minutes later beneath dirty white and gray, January-indicative cloud strata toward the farm patterns of eastern Ohio, thudding through light chop .

The perpendicular runways of the Akron-Canton Airport moved into view ahead and to the left. Extending its leading edge slats, which produced significant drag, Flight 202 completed its undercarriage and trailing edge flap sequencing, arcing into a final, approach-course left bank. Skimming the bare, brown tree-bordered farm patches at drag-counteractive engine settings, the 717-200 flared beyond the runway's threshold and sideslipped into abrupt, crosswind contact.

Taxiing past the circular, brick Akron-Canton Terminal, into which four United Express, US Airways Express, and Delta Connection ERJ-135s and CRJ-200s had been nosed, the aircraft, the largest on the ramp, starved its aft-mounted engines of fuel, which spooled down into silence, replaced by the ringing of the jetbridge extending toward the forward, left passenger door.

Pushed back from the gate at 1215, the AirTran 717, now operating nonstop to Atlanta as Flight 202, initiated its unobstructed taxi at the Akron-Canton regional airport and received immediate take off clearance on Runway 19. Disengaging itself from the ground, the aircraft , with a considerable passenger complement, retracted its undercarriage with a light thud and climbed out over Ohio's patchwork quilt of farmland, which later yielded to soft hills. With altitude, these were altogether reduced to indistinguishable obscurity.

Emerging from white, encasing cloud over the green corrugated topography of West Virginia and Kentucky at 37,000 feet, the twin-engined, t-tailed jetliner paralleled the line of cottony nimbus which had tied itself together along the eastern seaboard.

The chocolate brown ridges of the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina crested like solid waves which had petrified at their peaks and had failed to descend back into the sea.

The upper wing surface speed brakes induced the 717 into a rapid descent over Georgia toward swollen, white cumulous snow banks, its bullet nose boring through the engulfing obscurity like a penetrative missile. Banking on its longitudinal axis, it initiated a series of arrival aircraft spacing s-turns, lurched by the cloud-associated air upset, while throttle-jockeying resulted in a series of periodic airspeed oscillations: as the airspeed peeled off, the engines were significantly spooled up, followed by a frequency of velocity deterioration, before the process had been repeated.

The aircraft emerged from the cloud islands over Georgia's green and brown ground blanket. The skyscrapers of Atlanta, although still in miniature form, loomed into view off the left wing.

Extending its tricycle undercarriage into the slipstream and increasing its wings' upper surface camber and area to their maximums with full, trailing edge flap travel, the 717 made a final left bank toward Runway 28 in the pure-blue, 68-degree skies dotted with suspended fluffs of cotton candy. Paralleled, on the left, by a Delta 757-200 and an ASA CRJ-100 approaching Runways 27-Left and -Right, the t-tailed pure-jet crossed the threshold, spooling down its engines for a final time, which profiled it for a flare, and crouched onto the concrete with its main landing gear “hind legs,” which absorbed the contact with minimal protest.

The return flight, operating nonstop, had occurred later than evening.

An onslaught of light pinpoints, representing final approaches to Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport on that dark January evening, seemed to vie, in competitive speed, for Runways 27-Left and -Right, toward which the AirTran 717-200, operating as Flight 343 from Gate C-12 to New York-La Guardia, currently taxied. Turning on to the threshold of the right of the two parallel strips, it throttled into an engine-pinnacling acceleration roll and, seesawed into a nose-high angle by its horizontal stabilizers, generated sufficient lift to disengage itself from Georgia soil and plunge into engulfing , low-lying cloud.

Retracting its undercarriage, it shed itself of the obscurity. Thin, horizontal strata of mist rendered the orange ground lights an ethereal blur, a muted, only partially successful attempt to penetrate the veil from the “other side.”

Separating itself from civilization, the twin-jet settled into its autonomous, 35,000-foot plateau, from which it could view, but not touch, the world, in miniature, below. Threading itself up the East Coast, it overflew Greenville / Spartanburg, South Carolina; Greensboro, North Carolina; and Richmond, Virginia, represented by their respective ground light splotches, “spills” of iridescent paint which had been tossed on to earth's black canvas without form or forethought.

Routed, according to its flight plan, east of Washington and Philadelphia, Flight 343, a self-contained, lighted world pursuing its invisible track in the January blackness, followed the coast of New Jersey.

Leading edge slat extensions, permitting airspeed to bleed off, occurred 40 miles from the airport. La Guardia approaches, to Runway 22, would take the aircraft to the north before it could turn final.

Momentarily caught in the black, referenceless void between Upper New York Bay and the late-night sky, the aircraft passed to the right of the tiny Statue of Liberty and the lighted, jewel-glittering sculptures of Manhattan Island, beyond which the perpendicular runway- patterned field of La Guardia rolled.

Following, in precision, the pattern of aircraft approach lights, the 717 banked left over the black reflective surface of Long Island Sound beyond the green light necklace-strung Throgs Neck and Whitestone Bridges.

Executing a long, final approach over the Connecticut coast at a 132-knot speed, the twin-jet unleashed its undercarriage, and extracted the last amount of lift obtainable from its swept-back wings with full trailing edge flap extensions, a contradictory maneuver which created as much drag as it did lift and could only be truly counteracted with increased engine power.

Bowing toward Flushing Bay with its nose, it passed over the pier supporting Runway 22's threshold and flared into the headwind, re-snatching concrete with its main wheels and unleashing its spoilers and thrust reversers in a simultaneous explosion. An American 737-800, which had preceded its landing, had just turned on to the parallel taxiway.


On May 23, 2006, during a ceremony attended by thousands, Boeing had rolled out the last two 717s ordered by Midwest and AirTran Airways, marking the final deliveries of the design, the final McDonnell-Douglas commercial aircraft, and the closure of its historic Long Beach production facility.

Founded by Donald W. Douglas, the Douglas Aircraft Company had flown its first airplane, the “Cloudster,” in 1921, and had opened its Long Beach facilities in 1941, on the eve of World War II, when demand had eclipsed capacity at its existing Santa Monica and El Segundo, California, plants. The first Douglas Commercial design, the DC-1, had been constructed here and sold to Transcontinental and Western Air (TWA), becoming the forerunner of a long line of increasingly advanced piston airliners which had introduced the world to commercial flight.

Merging with the McDonnell Company in 1967, the Douglas Aircraft Company had been renamed McDonnell-Douglas, its products comprising the new corporation's commercial division, and, 30 years later, when Boeing had acquired McDonnell-Douglas, it had become the Douglas Products Division. Ultimately, it had been designated the Long Beach Division of Boeing Commercial Airplanes.

During its more than 65-year history, the Long Beach factory had produced some 10,000 military aircraft during World War II and 15,000 airplanes of both military and commercial design overall, while more than 65,000 airframes had been produced by all of its locations.

Despite more efficient, cost-effective final assembly techniques devised by Boeing, the 717 had been unable to remain competitive, partly due to sales conflicts with its own 737-600. Nevertheless, the 156 717s produced, along with the 976 earlier-generation DC-9s, 1,191 MD-80s, and 114 MD-90s, had already provided almost half a century of rugged, reliable, and economical service throughout the world, and seemed likely to do so for many years to come.